A little concerned that there were some “escapees” from the new worm composting box in the basement, I decided to look beyond the internet and my first worm supplier (the old bait shop in W. Asheville) for some professional vermicomposting advice.
I called James Magee at Blue Ridge Redworms here in Asheville, and set up an appointment to meet with him yesterday and buy some more worms, as what I had didn’t seem like enough. I also thought I was lacking some important worm-raising information.
Turns out James Magee not only has a successful worm farm, he also happens to be a helpful and friendly person who knows more about worms and composting than I’d imagined was possible. While he doesn’t give tours of his site anymore (protecting business secrets) he did spend almost 45 minutes telling me and the boys all about redworms.
Much to the boys’ delight, the first thing James pointed out to us was tiny worm eggs in the box of worms we were buying. He showed us the darker colored eggs and said they were about to hatch. Several worms will hatch from each egg.
I brought the worm composting bins we already had going so he could give me some advice on our set-up. He took one look at it and told me the worms I got at the bait store were, well, bait worms — a kind of the earthworm I’d read about that likes to dig deep in the dirt and isn’t the optimal subspecies of worm for vermicomposting.
James’s second suggestion was that the newspaper bedding wasn’t the best living medium for worms. He said that the bleach used in the paper-making process, along with the inks, could adversely affect the worms. The ideal environment for them is a nice mix of leaves, grass and compost (so my previous instincts were right — worms and dirt do go together, right?!)
James also said I should make the drainage holes in the bottom of the bins larger — instead of a quarter-inch, closer to a half-inch.
I told him about my escapees, and he suggested leaving a low-watt lightbulb on to keep them from emerging. The light tricks them into thinking it’s daytime so they’re less likely to come out.
As far as feeding them, they need a half-inch to an inch layer of food (vegetable and fruit kitchen scraps) every 7 days or so. They don’t like citrus or anything really acidic. He told me I could experiment with different kinds of foods to see what they like: put the food in a corner of the box and see if they crawl to it. I asked him about banana peels, and he said “Oh they LOVE banana peels.”
Also, if the worms all move out around the perimeter of the box, or if the box smells at all, then there’s something in there that doesn’t suit their appetites.
Another thing I mentioned to him was the “worm tea” collecting in the bottom bin. He told me that is “worm leachate”, not the same. Here’s more details on worm tea vs. leachate.
According to James, the end product of the whole worm composting process — the worm castings — makes gardens grow strong and abundant.
I imagine with the small system I have that it will not handle all our food waste, nor will I have large amounts of worm castings (may have to buy some castings for my raised beds from farmer Magee — he sells that too). But it is a fascinating process, and we’re curious to learn more.